Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR)

The IACHR monitors the general human rights situation in Organization of American States (OAS) member States and, where appropriate, undertakes investigatory visits to member States and publishes reports. Additionally, the IACHR receives and analyzes petitions from individuals, groups of individuals, or NGOs alleging human rights violations committed by an OAS Member State regardless of whether that state has ratified the ACHR. In serious and urgent cases, the IACHR may request that an OAS Member States adopt precautionary measures, in order to thwart irreparable harm to persons or the subject matter of a pending petition. If attempts to broker a friendly settlement fail, the IACHR reviews the briefs of both the petitioner and respondent state and then sends its recommendations to that state. If that State fails to implement those recommendations, then the IACHR can refer the case to the Inter-American Court of Human Rights if the respondent state has voluntarily submitted to the jurisdiction of the Court. If so, after oral and written proceedings, the Court will issue a final, binding judgment.