The Inter-American Court of Human Rights
The Inter-American Court of Human Rights is one of two authorities created under the American Convention on Human Rights with the authority to observe human rights violantions (the other is the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. However, the Inter-American Court on Human Rights does not receive petitions or complaints from individuals and groups. Instead, the Inter-American Commission refers the case to the Court if the respondent state has voluntarily submitted to the jurisdiction of the Court. If so, after oral and written proceedings, the Court will issue a final, binding judgment.